Potassium iodide is colorless or white cubic crystals. Odorless, with a strong bitter and salty taste. Melting point 681 °c, boiling point 1330 °c. Soluble in water, soluble in ethanol, methanol, acetone, glycerol and liquid ammonia, slightly soluble in ether. Its aqueous solution is neutral or slightly alkaline. Potassium iodide is mainly used for the prevention and treatment of simple goiter, thyroid storm and preoperative preparation for hyperthyroidism. In recent years, the clinical application of potassium iodide has been expanding, and it is widely used in the treatment of dermatology, ophthalmology, joint inflammation, lead nephropathy and breast hyperplasia, and has achieved satisfactory results.
Potassium iodide is a food iodine enhancer that is allowed to be used. Iodine is one of the essential trace elements of the human body, and the total amount of iodine in a healthy adult body is 20 to 50 mg.
|Iodate||Not more than 4 µ g/g||Passes the test|
|Loss on drying||≤1.0%||0.16%|
|Heavy metals (Pb)||≤0.001%||＜0.001%|
|Appearance:||White crystalline powder|
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