Chitosan is a dietary fiber that has the effect of lowering serum cholesterol, regulating intestinal flora, and lowering blood pressure. After the human body ingests chitosan, fecal analysis shows that it is almost not digested and absorbed, so it belongs to a type of dietary fiber. Studies have shown that chitosan has some characteristics of dietary fiber, such as water retention, swelling, adsorption and indigestible absorption, which can promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, adsorb toxic substances, increase defecation volume, reduce abdominal pressure and intestinal pressure, improve constipation, and prevent the occurrence of colorectal cancer. Chitosan and gastric mucin physicochemical effect is similar, has the inhibition of gastric acid, anti-gastric ulcer, anti-inflammatory and other effects, it is an anti-gastric acid polysaccharides, after water swelling into a slimy and adhesion, in the stomach can form a protective film to reduce gastric acid on the ulcer surface irritation.
In addition to many uses in the food industry, chitosan has extremely important uses in many fields such as medicine, chemical industry, biology, agriculture, textile, printing and dyeing, papermaking, and environmental protection.
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