Chlorhexidine has a strong broad-spectrum bacteriostatic and bactericidal effect, which is effective against both gram-positive bacteria and negative bacteria.
Chlorhexidine is adsorbed in the osmotic barrier of bacterial cytoplasmic membrane, so that cell contents leak out, and it has a bacteriostatic effect at low concentrations and a bactericidal effect at high concentrations. Chlorhexidine is used for gingivitis (acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis), oral infections after dental surgery, prevention and treatment of oral infections in patients with cancer and leukemia, stomatitis with wear of dentures causing bacterial or fungal oral infections, follicular stomatitis, and reduction of dental plaque. Chlorhexidine is also used as an antiseptic for devices and skin, and as an antiseptic for eye drops.
|Appearance||White or almost white powder||White powder|
|Loss on drying||≤2.5%||0.80%|
|Residue on ignition||≤0.1%||0.08%|
|Appearance:||White or almost white powder|
Chlorhexidine is an antibacterial used for numerous applications..
Chlorhexidine is used primarily as a topical antiseptic/disinfectant in wound healing, at catheterization sites, in various dental applications and in surgical scrubs. it is used as an antibacterial agent in humans to control gingivitis and over all plaque control in preventative dentistry.
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